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|Jharkhand Development Report 2010|
|Written by Indicus Research|
|Wednesday, 17 February 2010 10:05|
Various aspects of Jharkhand's economy and the changes therein over time have been tracked to see the extent of progress in different indicators of growth and development
The passing of the Bihar Reorganization Bill gave birth to the 28th state of the nation, Jharkhand on November 15th 2000 on the occasion of the birth anniversary of the legendary Bhagwan Birsa Munda. Jharkhand as a state is known as a vast reservoir of natural resources in terms of forest areas as well as minerals. However, in spite of this immense potential, it has not been able to utilize them properly and is thus counted among the backward states in the country. Its inheritance is considered to be one of the major reasons for this backwardness which is reflected in the development backlog over the years. The widespread unrest among the naxal community in recent times has further added to the problem. It thus puts a challenge before the state to provide good governance and to enable equitable growth and socio-economic progress. With a population size a third of Bihar and community-centered traditional ethos of tribal people, it will be relatively easier for the nascent state to pass on the benefits of growth to its citizens equally.
The present study makes an attempt to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the state, objectively using government's own data. Various aspects of Jharkhand's economy and the changes therein over time have been tracked to see the extent of progress in different indicators of growth and development. In each of the aspects, Jharkhand's status in comparison to other states has been discussed. Further, a comparative analysis of various districts of the state has also been presented. Given the importance of industries in engineering the growth of a region, a detailed profile of industries is done, identifying the largest and fastest growing industries in each district of Jharkhand. Latest available data from various government and semi-government sources have been used for this analysis. Since this study is the fifth in the series, data has been updated from the previous edition, where available.
The study is divided into five sections each dealing with various issues related to development. Section I is an editorial by Dr. Laveesh Bhandari examining the present socio-economic situation of Jharkhand.
The second section of the study studies the dependence of state’s economy on agriculture and the influence of NREGA especially in the year when large part of the state faced drought like situation.
The third section of the study explores the quality of governance, examines knowledge and communication base as well as the socio-economic profile of Jharkhand.
The fourth section of the Study deals with the intra state analysis where the districts of the state are compared and ranked. The fifth section lays out the industrial profile of Jharkhand identifying the key growth drivers of industrial sector in each district of the state.
The sixth section provides a comparative picture of the parliamentary constituencies in the state in terms of various socio-economic and infrastructure based parameters. The seventh section explores the potential cities of the state and finally the eighth section gives the state rankings in the eastern zones in terms of socio-economic variables.
Gross domestic product and per capita income of Jharkhand vis-a-vis other states in 2020 has been discussed in the seventh section.
The states, which are being considered for comparison, are in one way or the other, related to Jharkhand. We have considered the parent state of Jharkhand, Bihar, new states that were formed at the same time as Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Uttarakhand and the other neighbors of Jharkhand -West Bengal and Orissa. In some cases, where relevant, we have also considered states that have performed significantly well in the area being discussed.
The Jharkhand Development Report is a depiction of the current scenario in Jharkhand across different socio-economic parameters, which will enable readers to understand the various elements crucial for growth and development in the state. It will also provide an indication to the policy makers to take constructive steps in those areas where the state is lagging behind.