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|How much do the corrupt earn?|
|Friday, 09 December 2011 07:46|
Public officials in India may be cornering as much as Rs.92,122 crore ($18.42 billion), or 1.26 per cent of the GDP, through corruption, says a new book by two economic experts.
Source: Economic Times
Bibek Debroy and Laveesh Bhandari estimate on the strength of Central Statistical Organisation (CSO) figures that most bribery is accrued from the transport industry, real estate and "other public services".
Pegging the figure of bribery from "other public services" at Rs.14,594 crore ($2.92 billion), the authors say this is mainly accounted for by leakages from official welfare programmes.
Real estate and related business services involving registration of property and stamp duties account for Rs.12,534 crore ($2.5 billion) in corruption, says their book "Corruption in India: The DNA and RNA" ( Konark Publishers).
Bribery at multiple checkpoints and by revenue officials, police and customs in the transport sector generate Rs.11,267 crore ($2.25 billion) in corruption, the authors say.
The book estimates bribery amount from illegal mining, theft from public mines and licensing at Rs.9,578 crore ($1.91 billion).
This is followed by corruption in government procurement (Rs.9,144 crore or $1.82 billion). Bribe taking by inspectors, police and local bodies in unregistered manufacturing totals Rs.6,600 crore ($1.32 billion).
Other sectors which enrich corrupt public servants are agriculture, forestry and logging, fishing, registered manufacturing, electricity, gas and water supply, construction, trade, hotels and restaurants, railways, storage, communication, and banking and insurance.
Debroy is a professor with Delhi's Centre for Policy Research. Bhandari heads Indicus Analytics, monitoring the performance of the Indian economy.
Corruption has 'taken over India' but can be eliminated
Corruption has virtually enveloped India, growing annually by over 100 per cent, but systemic graft can be ended for good, says a new book by two economic experts.
Bibek Debroy and Laveesh Bhandari also warn that while India has not been reduced to a kleptocracy, "it appears to be well on its way to becoming one".
"Undoubtedly corruption has taken over India," they say in their well-researched book titled "Corruption in India: The DNA and the RNA" (Konark Publishers) that was released Thursday.
"It rules over the country with its stranglehold in every aspect of the state and consequently in all aspects of life of citizens."
Debroy is a professor with Delhi's Centre for Policy Research. Bhandari heads Indicus Analytics monitoring the performance of the Indian economy.
The authors say that corruption and bribery have become "a common language, a universally recognized medium of interaction and transaction between the citizens and the government..."
While "lower level bureaucracy and police thrive on bribes and baksheesh, higher level (depend) on grease money and scams...
"The state withers away and in many parts of India what is left of the state, it appears, is only held together due to corruption and a sophisticated system of sharing the spoils."